Second Lieutenant Andrew Mercer, 18811915 (aged 34 years)

Name
Second Lieutenant Andrew /Mercer/
Name prefix
Second Lieutenant
Given names
Andrew
Surname
Mercer
Birth May 24, 1881 19 19
MarriageEdith Elizabeth Frances BingeView this family

Birth of a sisterJanet Barclay Mercer
July 15, 1883 (aged 2 years)
Birth of a brotherGeorge Kilgour Barclay Brown Mercer
November 19, 1885 (aged 4 years)
Death of a paternal grandmotherAgnes Dunsyre
October 10, 1887 (aged 6 years)
Birth of a brotherHenry Kilgour Mercer
January 5, 1888 (aged 6 years)
Census April 5, 1891 (aged 9 years)
Address: 17a Castle Street, Cupar

1891 Scottish Census - George Brown Mercer and Janet Barclay Kilgour household 440 Cupar / Fife, Book 005, page ?, sched 51 Address: 17a Castle Street, Cupar Number rooms with one or more windows 4

Name Relation MC Age Sex Occupation EmR EmD EmN Birthplace Infirm
George Mercer Head M 29 M Police Constable Y Fife, Lochgelly
Janet Mercer wife M 29 F Fife, Scoonie
Andrew Mercer son S 9 M Scholar Fife, Scoonie
Janet Mercer daughter S 7 F Scholar Fife, Scoonie
George Mercer son S 5 M Scholar Fife, Wemyss
Henry Mercer son S 3 M Fife, Scoonie
Birth of a sisterAgnes Dunsire Mercer
April 9, 1892 (aged 10 years)
Birth of a sisterChristina Douglas Mercer
April 27, 1903 (aged 21 years)
Birth of a daughterJanet Edith Mercer
1908 (aged 26 years)
Birth of a daughterEmily May Mercer
June 22, 1910 (aged 29 years)
Death October 22, 1915 (aged 34 years)

Note: Wounded in action at Hohenzollern Redoubt, Battle of Loos 13/Oct/1915. Died of wounds at le Touquet, 22/Oct/1915.
Burial
Cemetery: Etaples Military Cemetery (Grave/Memorial Ref: I.A.12)
Family with parents
father
18611951
Birth: June 1, 1861 36 42Muirhouses, Lochgelly, Fife, Scotland
Death: 1951
mother
18611933
Birth: June 4, 1861Leven, Fife, Scotland
Death: 1933
Marriage
Marriage: January 3, 1881Bleachfield, Leven, Fife, Scotland
5 months
himself
andrew_mercer_1881.jpg
18811915
Birth: May 24, 1881 19 19Scoonieknowe, Leven, Fife, Scotland
Death: October 22, 1915
2 years
younger sister
1883
Birth: July 15, 1883 22 22Bleachfield, Leven, Fife, Scotland
Death:
2 years
younger brother
1885
Birth: November 19, 1885 24 24Buckhaven, Fife, Scotland
Death:
2 years
younger brother
1888
Birth: January 5, 1888 26 26Clarkfieldwynd, Leven, Fife, Scotland
Death:
4 years
younger sister
AgnesWithFlower.jpg
18921940
Birth: April 9, 1892 30 30Carnock Village, Fife, Scotland
Death: July 15, 1940Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
11 years
younger sister
1903
Birth: April 27, 1903 41 4121 Downieville Crescent, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland
Death:
Family with Edith Elizabeth Frances Binge
himself
andrew_mercer_1881.jpg
18811915
Birth: May 24, 1881 19 19Scoonieknowe, Leven, Fife, Scotland
Death: October 22, 1915
wife
Marriage
Marriage: Sanawar, India
daughter
19081987
Birth: 1908 26 21Sanawar, India
Death: 1987London, England
3 years
daughter
19101996
Birth: June 22, 1910 29 23Sanawar, India
Death: March 25, 1996Polperro, Cornwall, England
CensusView

1891 Scottish Census - George Brown Mercer and Janet Barclay Kilgour household 440 Cupar / Fife, Book 005, page ?, sched 51 Address: 17a Castle Street, Cupar Number rooms with one or more windows 4

Name Relation MC Age Sex Occupation EmR EmD EmN Birthplace Infirm
George Mercer Head M 29 M Police Constable Y Fife, Lochgelly
Janet Mercer wife M 29 F Fife, Scoonie
Andrew Mercer son S 9 M Scholar Fife, Scoonie
Janet Mercer daughter S 7 F Scholar Fife, Scoonie
George Mercer son S 5 M Scholar Fife, Wemyss
Henry Mercer son S 3 M Fife, Scoonie
Death

Wounded in action at Hohenzollern Redoubt, Battle of Loos 13/Oct/1915. Died of wounds at le Touquet, 22/Oct/1915.

Note

Rank: Second Lieutenant (promoted from Sergeant on 17/Sep/1915.) Regiment: 42nd Regiment - The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders) Awards: DCM and various awards for service in South Africa.

Note

The "Chronicles of Fife" have no record of a DCM for 2nd Lieutenant A. Mercer, 1st Battalion. However there is a DCM listed for Sergeant A. Mercer, 2nd Battalion. In 1914, 1st battalion was stationed in Aldershot and 2nd battalion in India. Both battalions were transferred to France at the outbreak of war, but 2nd battalion moved to Mesopotamia before the action at the Hohenzollern Redoubt.

In his letters, Andrew talks about gaining his commission on 21/Sep/1915. We therefore suppose that he won the DCM as a Sergeant with the 2nd, then transferred to the 1st.

Note

Extracts from "The Royal Highland Regiment - Black Watch 42nd - 73rd Medal Roll 1801-1911"

2nd Battalion The Black Watch, South African Medals and Clasps. 1st April 1901, 1st Oct 1902.

p231

Regtl No - 7144| Rank - Pte Name - Mercer, A Remarks - none (blank) Paardeberg - 1 Wittebergen - 1 Cape Colony - 1 Transvaal - 1 S. Africa 1901 - 1 S. Africa 1902 - 1 Right to King's South Africa Medal - Yes

Note

Andrew Mercer wrote letters from the front line in WW1. From them I was able to identify his record at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission website. (http://www.cwgc.org/) There is also a picture of the cemetery where he is buried.

Note

Extracts from " History of the Black Watch in the Great War, Volume 1" by A.G.Wauchope.

p118: Record of Officer's Services Name Mercer, A. Rank 2nd Lieut. Record Commissioned from ranks, after 16 years 8 mths service, 17.9.15, Wounded, 13.10.15, Died of Wounds at le Touquet, 22.10.15 Actions at which present Loos '15, Hohenzollern Redoubt '15 Promotions and Regtl Appts Nil

p150: List of those "Mentioned in Dispatches" 2nd Lieut. A. Mercer

p337: 2nd Battalion, list of those receiving DCM Sgt. A. Mercer

Shared note

Note from Erica Gregory, grand-daughter of Andrew and Edith: Granddad had been recalled to fight in Europe and, as soon as they could arrange it, Granny and the girls (Janet and Emily) came over to London in early 1915. As the ship was late in arriving, they missed Granddad’s special leave and he had to go straight back to the front despite missing them. When he was wounded, Granny went over to tend him and was with him to the end. She never recovered from his loss and was quite eccentric thereafter – very loveable though. During the time she spent nursing him, Janet and my mother had to stay in the house of a kindly Police Sergeant in Dover. As she was not allowed to take them over to France, he and his wife offered them accommodation out of the blue. Mum says Granny was eternally grateful but she feels the Policeman and his wife were a trifle relieved when the girls were collected on Granny’s return as they had been brought up in a very free and easy way in the mountains of India and were a trifle adventurous – specially with roof climbing. She would just smile and say no more about it. Granddad was always spoken of with great love and both the girls had adored him, as had Granny. I can feel that love when I think of him now, it was such a strong influence in my childhood.

Shared note

Note from Erica Gregory, grand-daughter of Andrew and Edith: Granddad had been recalled to fight in Europe and, as soon as they could arrange it, Granny and the girls (Janet and Emily) came over to London in early 1915. As the ship was late in arriving, they missed Granddad’s special leave and he had to go straight back to the front despite missing them. When he was wounded, Granny went over to tend him and was with him to the end. She never recovered from his loss and was quite eccentric thereafter – very loveable though. During the time she spent nursing him, Janet and my mother had to stay in the house of a kindly Police Sergeant in Dover. As she was not allowed to take them over to France, he and his wife offered them accommodation out of the blue. Mum says Granny was eternally grateful but she feels the Policeman and his wife were a trifle relieved when the girls were collected on Granny’s return as they had been brought up in a very free and easy way in the mountains of India and were a trifle adventurous – specially with roof climbing. She would just smile and say no more about it. Granddad was always spoken of with great love and both the girls had adored him, as had Granny. I can feel that love when I think of him now, it was such a strong influence in my childhood.